Ansible is a powerful tool that is helpful while automating cross-platform computer support. Primarily, it is used by IT professionals. Tasks such as application deployment, updating workstations and servers, cloud provisioning, configuration management, intra-service orchestration, and many other tasks that a system administrator has to perform, can be easily done with Ansible. Since it doesn’t depend on agent software and additional security infrastructure, it makes the deployment seamless.
To automate the task using Ansible, you need certain instructions to accomplish the desired results. These instructions are written in the form of a simple script form that helps system administrators to do version control. It’s a good example of software that contributes to the “infrastructure as code” movement in IT organizations. In simple words, it encourages the idea that the maintenance of servers and client infrastructure can be treated as software development. And with code repositories of self-documentation, it provides simple, effective solutions to run an organization irrespective of staff changes.
Being the backbone of automation, DevOps, and system administration, it also provides solutions to everyday users. Whether it’s configuring a single computer or a whole network of computers, anyone who has no programming skills can use it. Ansible instructions are human-readable. So if you’re an expert or a novice, you won’t find Ansible files hard to understand.
Ansible works with two categories of computers: the control node and managed nodes. The control node runs on Ansible and also manages the managed node. However, there must be at least one control node, still, a backup control should also exist.
To work with Ansible, nodes (clients, servers, or anything you want to configure) needs to be connected on a network. Then a small program called the Ansible module is sent to that node. Ansible executes these modules over SSH and removes them once the execution is complete. Although this integration is possible when the Ansible control node gets access to the managed nodes. SSH keys play vital roles to provide access yet other forms of authentication are also supported.
Ansible architecture includes three components that are:
These network devices are managed by the controller hosts with the help of Ansible. However, Ansible is not installed on these devices.
To execute the Ansible commands and playbooks, you need control nodes. Any Python installed computer can be used as a control node. Be it a laptop, desktop, or server, all can run Ansible. However, you can have multiple control nodes but none of them should be a Windows machine. A controller node has the following information:
Ansible is easy even in the case of multi-machine deployment systems or deploying complex applications. Ansible Playbooks offers repeatable, reusable, and simple configuration management. Any task that needs to be executed more than once can be done by writing a playbook and putting it through source control. In order to push out new configurations or confirm the configuration to remote systems, you can use a playbook. A playbook includes some features that are:
Here are some benefits of Ansible:
When NASA deployed its 65 applications to the Cloud from the traditional hardware, it faced lots of challenges. Not so familiar with the Cloud environment, NASA’s team was facing difficulties to manage the new system: extended Virtual Private Clouds (VPCs) and AWS accounts. Remember, even for simple tasks like ensuring every server’s access to every system administrator, or simple patching was tiresome.
But when they installed Ansible Tower for Configuration Management, the team’s efficiency increased multiple times. Tasks that usually used to take hours or even a couple of days or more (in some scenarios), could be done in minutes. For example, updating nasa.gov went from over 1 hour to under 5 minutes.
Besides NASA, other prominent organizations like Microsoft, BMW, Siemens, etc. have also enhanced their productivity by using Ansible.
People prefer DevOps because of automation, and tools like Ansible does it tremendously well. However, it’s not the only configuration management tool. Chef and Puppet are its near rivals and also capable of handling server configuration. But features like agentless architecture, push and pull configuration, and configuration language - YAML - one of the easiest languages, makes this tool unique. Besides, it is low in price and makes scalability easier.